Canadian Journal of Applied Linguistics Revue canadienne de linguistique appliquée

Managing editor(s): Alex Ross (Directrice de rédaction) / Editor(s): Eva Kartchava (Rédactuer en chef), Michael Rodgers (Rédactrice en chef)


The Canadian Journal of Applied Linguistics is a bilingual scientific and professional journal dealing with the various aspects of applied linguistics.

The journal is affiliated with The Canadian Association of Applied Linguistics/ L'Association canadienne de linguistique appliquée.


Mailing Address

School of Linguistics and Language Studies
Carleton University, 1125 Colonel By Drive
Room 236 Paterson Hall
Ottawa, Ontario
K1S 5B6

Principal Contact

Alex Ross
Managing Editor
School of Linguistics and Language Studies, Carleton University
Email: [email protected]


Support Contact

James Kerr
Phone: (506) 455-3453
Email: [email protected]

Open Access Policy

This journal provides immediate open access to its content on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge.

Back issues (15 issues)

Permanent archiving of articles on Érudit is provided by Portico.

Editorial policy and ethics

Focus and Scope

The Canadian Journal of Applied Linguistics is an open access, bilingual, scientific, and professional journal that publishes empirical research (framed within quantitative, qualitative, and mixed methods paradigms), theoretical articles, essays, and original literature reviews. The CJAL only considers manuscripts that have clear implications for language teaching, learning or use.

CJAL publishes these texts electronically in English or in French. The articles, usually between 15 and 20 of them, and book reviews are grouped to constitute three issues of the journal per year. There is one special issue on a specific theme each year.

The journal is affiliated with The Canadian Association of Applied Linguistics / L'Association canadienne de linguistique appliquée.

Peer Review Process

All manuscripts submitted to CJAL are subject to a two-stage evaluation process. Initially, manuscripts will be screened to determine if they are eligible for review. Once the Editor(s)-in-chief have determined that a manuscript is eligible for review, a double anonymized peer-review process will be initiated. Reviewers will be assigned with a request that the review would normally be submitted within 4 weeks. Once the reviews are received, the Editor(s)-in-chief will make one of four decisions:

  1. Accept the manuscript as is (Accept)
  2. Accept it with minor revisions (Revisions Required)
  3. Request that the manuscript be revised and resubmitted for further evaluation (Revise and Resubmit)
  4. Decline the submission (Decline)

Publication Frequency

Articles are published in one of the three issues, which are typically published in the winter, summer and fall each year. Articles are also added to our First View page on a continuous basis.

This journal does not charge publication fees. There are no fees for readers to access articles.

Open Access Policy

This journal provides immediate open access to its content on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge.


This journal's digital content is archived by the University of New Brunswick's Centre for Digital Scholarship. This journal also uses the PKP PN (preservation network) plugin to preserve all published content via the LOCKSS (Lots of Copies Keep Stuff Safe) Project.

IRIS Digital Repository

The IRIS digital repository ( is a collection of instruments, materials, stimuli, and data coding and analysis tools used for research into second languages, including second and foreign language learning, multilingualism, language education, language use and processing. Materials are freely accessible and searchable, easy to upload (for contributions) and download (for use). CJAL supports the IRIS database for research instruments by recommending all authors of empirical studies upload their instruments. 


The Canadian Association of Applied Linguistics (CAAL)/ L'Association canadienne de linguistique appliquée (ACLA) is an officially bilingual scholarly association with approximately 200 members from across Canada and elsewhere. CAAL's overarching objective is the promotion of research and teaching in all areas of applied linguistics across Canada. Its specific objectives are to oversee the organization of the annual CAAL conference and the biannual publication of The Canadian Journal of Applied Linguistics.

CAAL is affiliated internationally with the International Association of Applied Linguistics (AILA) and, on the national level, with the Canadian Federation for the Humanities and Social Sciences (CFHSS) under the auspices of which it holds its annual conference.

Sources of Support

The Canadian Journal of Applied linguistics would like to acknowledge the financial support of the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council.

Publication Ethics and Malpractice Statement

The Canadian Journal of Applied Linguistics (CJAL) strongly supports the publishing ethics guidelines established by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) and has adopted our policy based on their guidelines and core practices. Our Publication Ethics document outlines the responsibilities of all parties involved in the editorial process, including but not limited to authors, editors, and reviewers.


Definition of authorship: while norms differ across disciplines regarding who is listed as an author for manuscripts, the CJAL has applied the following principles to define eligible authorship:

  • Substantial contribution has been made to the work, whether it involves the conception or design of the work, acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of the data for the work, and/or
  • Drafting or revising of the work for important intellectual content has been done, and/or
  • Final approval of the manuscript to be published has been given, and/or
  • Accountability is provided for the work that was done and its presentation in a publication.

Authors may wish to include any individuals who do not meet the criteria for authorship in the Acknowledgements section of a manuscript to recognize their contributions.

Corresponding Author’s Responsibilities:

  • Ensure any coauthors have seen and agreed to the submitted manuscript and their inclusion of names as coauthors;
  • Handle all correspondence with the Journal’s editorial team throughout the editorial process, and
  • Respond to queries related to copyediting and/or proofreading in a timely manner.

Authors’ Responsibilities

  • Authorship disputes: Authors are encouraged to prevent authorship disputes by discussing each contributor’s role in the early stages of a project and confirming these roles in writing before submitting a manuscript to the Journal. If an authorship dispute arises after a manuscript is submitted to the Journal, the Journal will suspend the editorial process until all authors involved confirm a resolution in writing.
  • Conflicts of interest: Any conflicts of interest must be declared to the editors at the time of initial submission of the work. A conflict of interest is defined as those which may influence the judgment of the editors, reviewers, or author(s). Conflicts of interest may be personal, commercial, political, academic, or financial in nature. All sources of funding for the research should be explicitly stated.
  • Originality and plagiarism: The CJAL follows Cambridge University Press’ definition of plagiarism, which involves “using someone else’s ideas, words, data or other material produced by them without acknowledgement.” All manuscripts submitted to the Journal are screened for plagiarism, and any evidence of significant plagiarism will lead to the rejection of the submission. Cases of plagiarism that arise post-publication may lead to the retraction or correction of the manuscript in question.
  • Multiple, redundant, or concurrent publications: Authors cannot submit the same manuscript to more than one journal at a time. Should the editorial team become aware that a manuscript undergoing the CJAL’s peer-review process is under consideration by other journals, the editorial team will decline the manuscript. In the case where multiple manuscripts are produced based on a single research project, all previously published materials should be disclosed and properly cited in the submitted manuscript.
  • Reporting standards: Authors must present their data accurately. Any instance of fraudulent reporting will be investigated, and if the accusations are substantiated, it will lead to the retraction or correction of the manuscript in question.
  • Acknowledgement of sources: Authors must follow the American Psychological Association (7th edition) guidelines to properly cite all sources used in the submitted manuscript.
  • Intellectual property: Authors should refer to the Journal’s Copyright Notice for more information about copyright and the terms of publishing under the CC BY 4.0 Creative Commons License.
  • Post-publication discussions and corrections: Authors are encouraged to notify the Editors of any errors found in a submitted manuscript, particularly when the errors may lead to misinterpretation of the data.


The Editor(s)-in-chief provide overall vision, policy and editorial decision-making for the Journal; select(s) and lead(s) the Editorial and Review Boards; and develop(s) the budget and monitor(s) finances, including applying for funding. Throughout the peer-review process, the Editor(s)-in-chief may confer with other co-editors or reviewers when making editorial decisions.

Editor(s)-in-chief Responsibilities:

  • Peer review: All manuscripts submitted to Journal are subject to a two-stage evaluation process. Initially, the Editor(s)-in-chief screen(s) the submitted manuscript to determine if it is eligible for review. Once the Editor(s)-in-chief has/have determined that a manuscript is eligible for review, a double anonymized peer-review process is initiated. The Editor(s)-in-chief will recommend potential reviewers, which are then contacted by the Managing Editor. Reviewers will be assigned with a request that the review would normally be submitted within 4 weeks (however, extensions might be possible based on specific circumstances). Once the reviews are received, the Editor(s)-in-chief will make one of four decisions:
    • Accept the manuscript as is (Accept)
    • Accept it with minor revisions (Revisions Required)
    • Request that the manuscript be revised and resubmitted for further evaluation (Revise and Resubmit)
    • Decline the submission (Decline)
  • Fair play: The Editor(s) evaluate(s) the content of each manuscript without regard to race, gender, sexual orientation, religious belief, ethnicity, or citizenship of the authors.
  • Confidentiality: All materials submitted to the Journal are kept confidential. With the assistance of the Managing Editor, the Editor(s)-in-chief ensure(s) that all manuscripts are anonymized before they are sent out for review. The Editor(s) will also protect the reviewers' identities throughout the anonymized peer-review process and maintain confidentiality while communicating with reviewers. The Editor(s) will not use any unpublished materials submitted to the Journal in their own research without written content from the author(s). Any information or ideas developed through the peer-review process will be kept confidential and not used for personal gain.
  • Authorship disputes: Any authorship disputes that cannot be resolved between authors are typically referred to the authors’ affiliated institution. If an authorship dispute arises prior to publication, the Journal will suspend the editorial process of the manuscript in question until all parties involved can provide a resolution in writing. Any authorship disputes that arise after publication will be dealt with appropriately, which may involve an error correction in a published manuscript, or in extreme cases, a published letter expressing concern or retraction of said manuscript.
  • Conflicts of interest: Editor(s) must declare any conflicts of interest to the Journal’s readership, and when necessary, withdraw from the editorial process for a particular manuscript that involves a conflict of interest. Members of the Editorial Team or Guest Editors may contribute to manuscripts submitted to the Journal; however, they will be excluded from the editorial process as it pertains to the in-house screening process, selection of reviewers, and any final editorial decisions made.
  • Post-publication discussions and corrections: the Editor(s) will respond promptly to any concerns voiced by readers, reviewers, or authors regarding errors or possible misrepresentations in a manuscript. The manuscript’s status in the publication process (e.g., pre or post-publication), as well as the severity of the error(s) or misrepresentation, will inform the approach taken to rectify the concern. Such approaches may involve a correction for minor errors, or in extreme cases when the error(s) or misrepresentation seriously undermines the validity or reliability of the reported findings, a retraction.


Each submitted manuscript that is deemed eligible for review is evaluated by two reviewers. The review process is "anonymous” in that only the Editor(s) know the identity of the reviewers and author(s). Reviewers are provided with peer review guidelines and an evaluation form through the Journal’s online system. Reviewers are selected based on the relevance of their area of specialization to the manuscript under consideration. The Journal identifies potential reviewers through the CJAL’s Review Board, Editorial Advisory Board, registered reviewer lists, and by searching for known experts in a particular field.

Reviewers’ Responsibilities:

  • Contribution to editorial decisions: Reviewers assist the Editor(s)-in-chief in making editorial decisions. Reviewers provide their evaluation of a manuscript during the initial peer-review phase of the editorial process, and then may provide a second evaluation if the manuscript is revised and submitted again for review.
    Reviewers should decline any request when: 1) they believe they are not qualified to review the content of the manuscript, 2) detect any conflicts of interest (please refer to the “Conflicts of interest” section below for details on what such conflicts may entail), and/or 3) cannot provide a review within a timeframe determined by the Journal.
  • Confidentiality: Throughout the double-anonymized peer-review process, reviewers are expected to maintain confidentiality and not discuss the contents of the manuscript with anyone besides the Editor(s)-in-chief. Reviewers will not use any unpublished materials from manuscripts they review for their own research without written content from the author(s). Any information or ideas developed through the peer-review process will be kept confidential and not used for personal gain.
  • Conflicts of interest: Reviewers should declare any suspected conflicts of interest that may arise from a request to review a manuscript, such as contributions to the work in question or any relationships or connections with any of the affiliated authors, companies, or institutions.
  • Co-reviewing: Reviewers must contact the Editor(s)-in-chief if they wish to nominate a co-reviewer for a manuscript, such as a graduate student. If for any reason the nomination is deemed unsuitable by the Editor(s)-in-chief, the reviewer will be asked to complete the assessment on their own.
  • Suspected research or publication misconduct: Any instances of suspected research or publication misconduct that arise during the peer-review process should be immediately reported to the Editor(s)-in-chief.

Information for contributors

General instructions for manuscripts

Authors should not submit more than one manuscript at a time to the CJAL. Only one manuscript per author will be assigned to the review process at a time.

The CJAL will not normally consider more than one submission from the same author or the same group of authors within a 12 month period.

Authors have the right to withdraw their manuscript from the CJAL but should inform the editors as soon as possible and do so before the review process begins so as not to inconvenience reviewers.

Preprints Policy

The Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) defines a preprint as "a form of publication which enables pre-peer reviewed articles to be disseminated quickly and widely, under open access licenses, usually at no cost to authors."

The CJAL will consider manuscripts previously published as preprints. However, upon submitting to the CJAL, authors must disclose that the manuscript has been published as a preprint and provide a website link to the article.

If the manuscript is accepted for publication by the CJAL, authors must update the preprint version with a link to the final published article.

Policy on the Use of Artificial Intelligence (AI)

In the interest of transparency, authors must disclose the use of AI for assistance with data collection, data analysis and/or writing of the manuscript. This also applies to any AI-generated figures or other images included in the manuscript. Ultimately, authors are responsible for ensuring that any use of AI is disclosed and that it does not compromise the accuracy and reliability of their work. Additionally, any use of AI must not violate the CJAL’s submission policies and/or publishing ethics guidelines. Failure to disclose the use of AI will result in an immediate decline of the manuscript from being considered for publication in the CJAL. 

Preparing Articles and Book Reviews 

Authors submitting manuscripts are required to adhere to the guidelines outlined in the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (7th edition) as well as the following:


  1. At the beginning of the article, include the title and an abstract (between 10 and 15 lines, maximum 150 words), in either English or French. Please note, should your manuscript be acceptable for publication, you will be required to provide an abstract in the other language.
  2. Limit the number of times that you reference your own work. Be sure to anonymize the manuscript by removing any references or information that may identify you as the author(s). Any reference(s) to an author's own work should be cited as "Author (xxxx)" in the manuscript at the time of submission. Ensure that all personal information is cleared from the file's properties.
  3. Limit English manuscripts to a maximum of approximately 10,000 words in length including notes, tables, figures, and references.
  4. Submit the manuscript using the process outlined in the Online Journal System.

Please note: Before beginning the double anonymized peer-review process, all submissions are verified for evidence of plagiarism.

Book reviews

  1. For unsolicited books, please contact our book review editor.
  2. A limit of one book review submission (single or group-authored) to CJAL every three years.
  3. Content/format:
  • Begin the review with the complete APA (7th ed.) reference for the book and indicate the number of
 pages (Roman and Arabic).
  • On a separate line, indicate the first and last
 names as well as the institutional affiliation of the reviewer(s).
  • Length – no more than 1000 words (approximately 2 pages, single spaced).
  • Overview of the book.
  • Brief review of individual chapters.
  • Critical evaluation – contribution to the field, target audience, etc.

Please note: All book review submissions will be screened by the book review editor, and the decision to publish is up to the discretion of the editorial team. A submission does not constitute a guarantee of publication.

Copyright Notice

Authors who publish with The Canadian Journal of Applied Linguistics (CJAL) agree to the following terms:

  • Authors retain copyright and grant the CJAL right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License <> that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in the CJAL.
  • Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the CJAL's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in the CJAL.
  • Authors will not simultaneously submit the same piece of work for possible publication to more than one academic journal at a time.

Privacy Statement

The names and email addresses entered in this journal site will be used exclusively for the stated purposes of this journal and will not be made available for any other purpose or to any other party.

Editorial board


  • Dr. Eva Kartchava, School of Linguistics and Language Studies, Carleton University, Canada
  • Dr. Michael Rodgers, School of Linguistics and Language Studies, Carleton University, Canada

Managing Editor

  • Alex Ross, Department of Language and Literacy Education, University of British Columbia, Canada

Copy Editor

  • Jessa Hudson, School of Linguistics and Language Studies, Carleton University, Canada

French Editor

  • Dr. Josée Le Bouthillier, Second Language Research Institute of Canada, University of New Brunswick, Canada

Book Review Editor

  • Dr. Kevin Papin, Université du Québec à Montréal, Canada